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Fertility: Understanding the challenges and options for women

Fertility in women is a crucial topic that is often neglected, despite its importance. Infertility is a common problem in Nigeria, and it affects about 10-15% of couples. Understanding the challenges and options for women who want to conceive is essential. In this blog post, we will discuss the causes of female infertility, the available treatments, and ways to improve female fertility.

What is Fertility in a Woman?

This refers to her ability to become pregnant and carry a healthy pregnancy to term. This depends on several factors, including the health of her reproductive organs, the regularity of her menstrual cycle, and the quality of her eggs. Fertility is also affected by external factors such as age, lifestyle, and environmental factors.

Causes of Female Infertility

Female infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Age: As women age, their fertility declines. The chances of conceiving decrease significantly after the age of 35.
  • Hormonal imbalances: Hormonal imbalances can cause irregular menstrual cycles and prevent ovulation, which can make it difficult to conceive.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS often have irregular menstrual cycles and may have trouble with ovulation.
  • Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it. It can cause scarring and adhesions that can make it difficult for the egg to be fertilized.
  • Fallopian tube blockage: Blockages in the fallopian tubes can prevent the egg and sperm from meeting, leading to infertility.

How Do I Check My Fertility?

The best way to check fertility is to speak with a healthcare provider who specializes in fertility. They can perform a series of tests that can give you an accurate picture of your fertility. These fertility tests may include a blood test to measure your hormone levels, an ultrasound to examine your ovaries and uterus, and a physical exam to check for abnormalities.

In addition to seeing a healthcare provider, there are some things you can do at home to monitor your fertility. One of the most popular ways to check fertility is to track your menstrual cycle. There are a number of apps and websites that can help you do this. You can also monitor your basal body temperature, which can give you a sense of when you are most fertile.

Fertility Treatment

The good news is that many treatments are available for female infertility. Some of the most common treatments include:

  • Fertility drugs: Fertility drugs can stimulate ovulation and increase the chances of conception.
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI) involves placing sperm directly into the uterus during ovulation.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a procedure where eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilized with sperm outside the body. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the uterus.
  • Surgery: Surgery can be used to correct blockages in the fallopian tubes, remove uterine fibroids, or treat endometriosis.

Improving Female Fertility

There are several things that women can do to improve their fertility, including:

  • Maintain a healthy weight: Being underweight or overweight can affect fertility.
  • Quit smoking: Smoking can reduce fertility in women and increase the risk of miscarriage.
  • Reduce stress: Stress can interfere with ovulation and make it difficult to conceive.
  • Limit alcohol and caffeine consumption: Excessive alcohol and caffeine intake can reduce fertility.
  • Get regular exercise: Regular exercise can help regulate the menstrual cycle and improve fertility.


Fertility in women is a complex issue that a variety of factors can cause. However, there are many treatments available to help women conceive. Women can improve their chances of getting pregnant by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and seeking medical help when necessary.

A major way to stay ahead of infertility complications is to book a fertility test appointment. By taking this simple test, you can identify any potential issues and seek treatment early.

To carry out your fertility tests, click on the link here, send a Whatsapp message to 2348084295796, or walk into any of our test centers.